or other type of damage. Cabin condition is quite obvious 哈尔滨工业大学学报

Odometer reading Check the odometer of the car for the mileage reading. This is important because the mileage indicates the cars age and should be consistent with the advert and cars documents. A regular driver will drive 15000 to 25000 km annually. Cars age by both time and mileage. Buying a 10-year old car with very low odometer reading or a 2-year old car with very high kms might not be the most sensible purchase. It is very important to compare the condition of the car’s interior to the readout on the odometer. The wear on the drivers seat, steering wheel, floor pedals should be consistent with the cars mileage as these items clearly wear with age. Cars with high odometer readings will often show wear on the drivers seat and/or the steering wheel may have a shiny appearance. Beware of fresh pedal pads on a car that shows a high odometer reading for example. An overly worn passenger compartment coupled with low mileage can be an indication of odometer fraud. Steering Column & Ignition You can find out a lot about a vehicle with a close examination of the steering wheel and the column. If the car has high mileage, the steering wheel will be heavily worn or be extremely shiny whereas the column might be scratched heavily by keys. Check the dashboard for cracks too. A car might not have been regularly garaged if there is extensive sun damage. See if there is a lot of play in the column, even with the steering interlock activated. Excessive damage to the steering column and ignition could indicate there was a previous attempt to steal the car. Test the ignition key / switch. See how difficult it is to turn the car on and off and whether the starter hesitates at all. A modern car should start almost instantaneously. While starting the car, check the Engine Light, Air Bags Light as well as the ABS Light for any errors that might show up if the car is equipped with an on-board computer. Seats, Upholstery & Cabin Inside the car, carefully inspect the seats and upholstery for any tears, rips, stains, or other type of damage. Cabin condition is quite obvious, but use this handy checklist to help you do a thorough inspection: Check the driver and passenger seats & to make sure they work in all positions. (Look for rust under the front seats as it could indicate a water problem.) Look in the back seat and check that the belts and latches aren’t buried. Run your fingers along the sides of the passenger compartments ceiling to see if might be separating or bulging anywhere. Make sure the seat belts work properly and check the condition. Ragged seatbelts could indicate theyve been worn in an accident. Finally, beware pungent odours – it can be very difficult to get a funky smell out of a used car. Radio, A/C & Electronics Turn on the air-conditioning of the car to make sure it is working well. See how the vents work and if they give off any musty odours. Test the Radio / CD, or MP3 player to make sure they all work. Verify the lights and all the regular or other advanced electronic functions of the used car works properly. This might include: the electric windows, sunroof, adjustable seats, sensors for parking, back parking camera and even the fuel-cap release button. (For a car that has an on board computer, pay special attention to the warning lights when you start the car or when you turn the key or press the start button.) Boot / Trunk Check that the spare tyre, jack and lug wrench on car and included and fully functional. Also check the spare tyre condition and make sure that it is fully inflated. If it is too worn or flat, have the owner replace it prior to purchase or give you a credit toward replacing it. If there are wheel locks on the particular cars tyres, make sure the special tool to unlock them is included. It might prove difficult to obtain a replacement if its lost. Checking Out the Paperwork When you buy a car from a used-car dealer, the dealership will take care of all the paperwork for you, but when buying it from a private seller, it can sometimes be more risky but prices are generally lower and there are often quite a few bargains out there. When buying a car from a private seller , you should always be viewing the car at the address shown on the registration document or cars logbook. Make sure that the person selling the car is shown as the keeper – ask for another form of ID if you are not sure. Checking a vehicles existing paperwork is a crucial part of establishing whether the car is all what it is made out to be. The paperwork provides information on the history and ownership of the car. Request the vehicles paperwork from the owner and study it thoroughly before you commit to anything. Cross check the paperwork – to make sure that mileage information, for instance, is consistent with the mileage displayed in the car, and that regular maintenance has been carried out. VIN Make sure the VIN (Vehicle Identification Number) and registration on the documents match the car you are interested in. Check with the Vehicle Registration Authorities that the address and owners information is in line with the person selling the vehicle to make sure the car has not been stolen. Service History Examine the service history to make sure the recorded mileage increased at a consistent rate over the years. If not, the odometer could have been rolled back in an attempt to increase the cars price. Ideally, you want to see a full service history, with receipts for any work carried out. You can also contact the garage to confirm any work without a receipt was actually done. Registration documents Check the details on the registration document match the car – there may sometimes be slight discrepancies, such as colour due to a difference of opinion, but everything else should match exactly. Make sure the form is genuine – it should have a watermark and not show signs of alteration. Always insist on seeing the original registration and full service history documentation. Photocopies are not adequate and could be fake. If the owner seems reluctant to produce any of these documents or has some other excuse, it may be better to walk away from the deal. 相关的主题文章: