The Central Committee put forward the new construction policy and did not make specific standards to 北京林业大学林学院

The proposed new construction policy does not set specific limits according to the sound of China strange building "peak Evening News" reported that "a number of opinions" of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on Further Strengthening the administration of planning and construction of the city recently issued, this is the first time in 37 years to restart the central city work conference supporting documents, one by one to solve the problems in city development the "real" and "schedule", "13th Five-Year" and the next period of time the "road map China city development outline". Yang Baojun, vice president of China Institute of urban planning and design and the Ministry of housing, interviewed the reporters from the central station and combed the four highlights of the opinion. One bright spot: residential building blocks for recording the changes in the city "Beijing city", a book was back after the founding capital of each unit "compound" phenomenon. In 1964, the government reported that it had not built a complete and good street." In recent years, more and more developers have built enclosed areas, leading to the wider repair of urban road network, but the microcirculation is blocked. In Yang Baojun’s view, Chinese cities need to start from here and make fundamental changes. He said that the enclosed area is the concept of farming civilization, must circle. One real estate is a barony, not related to each other, the public service facilities are not shared. But modern cities should be open, characterized by public service and public space. "Why do girls increasingly lack access to shopping?" To the New District, the Development Zone, there is a place to stroll?" Yang Baojun explained that this is because the existing urban construction model kills the charm and vitality of the streets. In this regard, the "opinion" clearly, the new residential to promote block system, in principle, no longer build closed residential areas. Executive level, Yang Baojun introduced, as long as the provisions of the land transfer area, for example, not more than 40 thousand square meters. "If developers want to develop bigger, you can buy two. But the middle part is public, "Yang Baojun explained further." another advantage of narrowing the selling area is that the houses built by different developers are certainly different, and the diversity and richness come out. For the completed residential quarters and unit courtyard, the "opinions" also proposed to gradually open, realize the internal road publicity. Yang Baojun introduced, you can take step by step way, the first step to pedestrians through the past, followed by bicycles, management should also keep up with, "now property management gate, the future is the tube building.". Every building is safe and the streets are open". "Opinions" also put forward specific indicators – by 2020, the average density of urban built-up areas increased to 8 km square kilometers (now Beijing is about 5 square kilometers), the road area rate reached 15% (now most cities is about 12%). In particular, the first index only length, regardless of width, so this is a "narrow road, encourage index road network". Yang Baojun believes that, in this way, the road utilization rate is high, the street storefront is more, such as coffee shops, restaurants, tea rooms, bookstores and other stores, thus changing the form and function of the city. Highlight two: active adoption of one-way street theory

中央提出新建筑方针 不制定具体标准限制奇怪建筑   据中国之声《新闻晚高峰》报道,《中共中央国务院关于进一步加强城市规划建设管理工作的若干意见》近日印发,这是时隔37年重启的中央城市工作会议配套文件,通过一个个破解城市发展难题的“实招”和“时间表”,勾画了“十三五”乃至未来一段时间中国城市发展的具体“路线图”。中国城市规划设计研究院副院长杨保军和住建部有关负责人接受中央台记者采访,梳理《意见》四大亮点。   亮点一:住宅推广街区制   记录北京城市变迁的《城记》一书曾回溯建国后首都各单位“圈大院”的现象。以至于1964年的相关政府报告中检讨说“至今没有建成一条完整的、好的街道。”近年来,越来越多的开发商也建起封闭小区,导致城市路网主干道越修越宽、微循环却堵住了。   在杨保军看来,中国城市需要从这里开始,做出根本性的转变。他说,封闭小区是农耕文明的理念,都要圈起来。一个个楼盘都是一个个独立王国,彼此不关联,公共服务设施不共享。但现代城市应该是开放的,以公共服务、公共空间作为特征。“为什么女孩子现在越来越缺少逛街的地方?到新区、开发区去,有地方逛吗?”杨保军解释,这是因为现有的城市建造模式扼杀了街道的魅力和活力。   对此,《意见》明确,新建住宅要推广街区制,原则上不再建设封闭住宅小区。   执行层面,杨保军介绍,只要规定的土地出让面积,比如,不许超过4万平米。“如果开发商想开发大一点,可以,你买两块。但中间部分是公共的,”杨保军进一步解释,缩小出让面积的另一个好处是,不同开发商盖的房子肯定不一样,多样性、丰富性就出来了。   而对于已建成的住宅小区和单位大院,《意见》也提出要逐步打开,实现内部道路公共化。杨保军介绍,可以采取分步走的方式,第一步让行人穿过去,接下来是自行车,管理也要跟上,“现在物业管大门,未来是管大楼。每栋楼安全了,街道自然就可以开放了”。   《意见》还提出了具体指标——到2020年,城市建成区平均路网密度提升到8公里 平方公里(现在北京约为5公里 平方公里),道路面积率达到15%(现在多数城市为12%左右)。特别要提到的是,第一个指标只管长度、不管宽度,所以这是一个鼓励“窄马路、密路网”的指标。   杨保军认为,这样一来,道路利用率高了,临街的店面就多了,诸如咖啡馆、餐馆、茶室、书店等店面,由此改变城市的形态和功能。   亮点二:积极采用单行道   交通部分,《意见》中有关“积极采用单行道路方式”的要求引起了住建部城建司副司长章林伟的共鸣——单行道的背后,是对城市既有风貌和传统的敬畏。   章林伟回忆,新概念英语里有一篇课文叫“one way”,说一对法国夫妇到曼哈顿区旅游,看到路边写着“one way”,以为记着回来就能找到回家的路了,没想到第一、第二、第三、第四、第五大道全是单行线,到处是“oneway”,找不到回家的路。“当时也就是学学课文,后来发现这对城市改造有非常深层次的意义”,杨保军解释,这意味着不祛除原有的功能建筑和历史文脉,马路不够用,就用单行线。   重视传统,是《意见》的重要内涵。有专门章节阐述要“保护历史文化风貌”,提出用5年左右时间,完成所有城市历史文化街区划定和历史建筑确定工作。   杨保军还特别提到,《意见》提出要在具备条件的地方,倡导发展现代木结构建筑,可以使用西方已经在用的新型防腐、防潮、防火、可建高层的木材料,传承发扬中国的建筑传统。   亮点三:时隔60年再提建筑方针   提到建筑,你可能会问:“奇奇怪怪的建筑”怎么破解?   50年代时,新中国提出“实用、经济、可能条件下注意美观”的建筑方针。时隔半个多世纪,《意见》提出了新的八字方针:“适用、经济、绿色、美观”。   杨保军指出,这是从正面的角度来看待问题,只要能考虑这些需求,一般就不会“奇奇怪怪”。杨保军特别明确,不会规定说什么样的建筑是奇怪的,然后去禁止,那样会打压建筑师的创作热情。   “秋裤楼”、“元宝楼”……现在很多建筑得了不怎么光彩的别名。《意见》特别提到,要倡导开展建筑评论。如杨保军所说,建筑是八大艺术门类之一。显然,除了起外号,社会舆论还可以做更多。   亮点四:推动城乡规划法与刑法衔接   关于城市规划,《意见》提出两条:依法制定、严格依法执行——要用5年左右时间,全面清查并处理建成区违法建设,坚决遏制新增违法建设……研究推动城乡规划法与刑法衔接。   这一衔接若能实现,无疑将为任性的违法规划、私搭乱建套上枷锁。但据了解,这一进程暂无时间表。   杨保军指出,我国立法比较滞后,城市是一个法治社会,美国光是关于住宅的法律就有十几部,但我国连《城市管理法》都没有。   另据了解,为保证实施,《意见》提出要监督考核制度,定期通报考核结果,作为城市领导综合考核评价的重要参考。   摘自 央广网 2016.02.21 记者 庄胜春 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: