The Typhoon Torrential rain down Wenzhou’s 3 National bridge yesterday by flash floods destroyed (Fi-polartec

The Typhoon Torrential rain down Wenzhou’s 3 National bridge yesterday by flash floods destroyed (Figure) flooding Xue Zhai Qiao yesterday, after a few seconds was destroyed. At noon yesterday, a shocking, painful news: three national Wenzhou Taishun bridge, in just 1.5 hours, one after another by flash floods washed away. Taishun is China Bridge Township, the existing ancient bridges 33 seat, 15 seat for the national key cultural relic protection units, destroyed three bridges — Xue Wen Xing Wen, Zhai Qiao, heavy bridge, in which. In history, the three bridges had been destroyed by the flood of repeated construction, but the last time was at least 80 years of reconstruction, while more than 150 years. Why do they carry over one hundred years, but fell in torrents yesterday? The future, they will again? In the field of a few seconds one hundred years of bridges will disappear in the flood Zhong Xiaobo is president of the Wenzhou Institute of cultural corridor. Yesterday morning, he returned to Taishun from Wenzhou city to celebrate the festival, passing the town of Taishun County Xi Si, a sudden rainstorm caused the front road collapse, he was forced to stay. "About 11 noon, rain harder and harder, look out through the window, there is a waterfall like eyes." Zhong Xiaobo said, this scene, he was not in the memory. "Soon, the flood suddenly rose up, which mixed with wood, household appliances and tools…… Rampage." Look at this scene, Zhong Xiaobo heart is very disturbing. Intuition tells me that the bridge may be an accident." Zhong Xiaobo opened the formation of Taishun bridges protector of the WeChat group, eagerly watching friends group released around the bridge case. Unfortunately, after the news – 11:58, Xue Zhai Qiao was washed away by the flood; 12:20, the heavy bridge was washed away by the flood; 13:30, Wen Xing Bridge was washed away by the flood. Look at the evening news reporter from a village in the video, the weight of the bridge was destroyed, only a few seconds (the video can be watched in the evening news on the official WeChat). "They are so lost in our case completely incapable of action." Zhong Xiaobo sad to say, this 3 bridges the less any gap will cause a cultural heritage. – cause disaster: the history of the highest rainfall of man-made artificial river blocking architecture leads to the history of Taishun bridge are destroyed in a flood of experience, but in recent decades, even if the encounter typhoon attacks, bridges destroyed things rarely happen. The last time was in 1990, Taishun only a 3 layer structure of the bridge under the bridge was destroyed — ". This time, why the three bridges will by this disaster? Zhong Xiaobo told reporters, almost all Taishun bridges the whole wooden structure, the bridge construction process, do not use a nail, but the use of force between gravity and the wood and wood bridge support together." Such a structure, to their most feared impact before, "once a bridge is broken, the whole bridge will collapse in a minute." According to the Taishun meteorological department, yesterday by the strong typhoon "Meranti" influence, Taishun County yesterday.

台风降下倾盆暴雨 温州3座国宝级廊桥昨日被山洪冲毁(图) 薛宅桥昨天遭遇洪水,几秒钟后被冲垮。   昨天中午,一个令人震惊、心痛的消息传来:温州泰顺的三座国宝级廊桥,在短短1个半小时内,接连被山洪冲毁。   泰顺是中国廊桥之乡,现有古廊桥33座,15座为全国重点文保单位,被毁的三座廊桥――薛宅桥、文兴桥、文重桥,都在其中。   历史上,三座廊桥曾因水患屡毁屡建,但最后一次重建,距今少则80多年,多则超过150年。为什么它们扛过了百年风雨,却倒在了昨天的山洪中?未来,他们还会再次重建吗?   ■现场   短短几秒钟   百年廊桥就消失在洪水中   钟晓波是温州廊桥文化学会会长。昨天上午,他从温州市区回泰顺过中秋,路过泰顺县泗溪镇时,突如其来的暴雨导致前方道路塌方,他被迫滞留。   “大概到了中午11点,雨越下越大,透过窗户看外面,眼前就像有条瀑布。”钟晓波说,这样的场景,是他在记忆中从未有过的。   “很快,洪水一下子涨上来,里面夹杂着木头、家电、农具……横冲直撞。”看着这样的情景,钟晓波心里十分不安。“直觉告诉我,廊桥可能要出事。”   钟晓波打开泰顺廊桥保护者组建的微信群,急切地关注着群友发布的各地廊桥情况。   不幸的消息接踵而来――   11点58分,薛宅桥被洪水冲走;   12点20分,文重桥被洪水冲走;   13点30分,文兴桥被洪水冲走。   钱江晚报记者从一段村民拍摄的视频中看到,文重桥被毁,只有短短几秒钟时间(相关视频可在钱江晚报官方微信上观看)。   “它们就这样,在我们完全无能为力的情况下消失了。”钟晓波心痛地说,这3座廊桥各有特色,少了任何一座都会造成文化遗产的空白。   ■原因   天灾:短时雨量史上最高   人祸:人工建筑导致河道阻塞   历史上,泰顺廊桥多有毁于洪水的经历,但近几十年来,即便遇到台风正面袭击,廊桥被毁的事也极少发生。上一次还是在1990年,泰顺唯一一座3层结构的廊桥――�下桥被冲毁。   这次,为什么三座廊桥会遭此劫难呢?   钟晓波告诉记者,泰顺廊桥几乎都是全木结构的,“廊桥建造过程中,不使用一颗钉子,而是利用桥身的重力、木块与木块之间的作用力支撑起来的。”   这样的结构,注定它们最怕受到前后的冲击力,“一旦桥孔被冲破一个,整个桥身就会在瞬间坍塌。”   根据泰顺气象部门的统计,昨天受强台风“莫兰蒂”影响,泰顺县昨天上午8点到下午1点,5小时内降雨量达到了240.6毫米,是有记录以来的同时段最高值,堪称“百年一遇”。   “以前遇到类似的情况,村民都会赶在洪水上涨前,搬来重物,放在桥上,以此增加桥的重量,抵御洪水。”钟晓波说,但这次洪水上涨得太快,“我们根本来不及准备。”   除了强降雨带来的山洪,专家们认为,这次三座廊桥被毁,还有一个重要的长期原因。   “原来古廊桥周围很少有房屋,但如今随着开发历史遗迹的规划,在廊桥附近不仅修缮了旧房,还建了一批新房。导致洪水到来时,无法及时疏导。”一位参与了廊桥研究多年的省人大代表说,随着城镇化发展,以及小水电的建设,导致当地溪流不畅,遇到洪水,水流就变得更急、水位更高。   另一个原因是,当地在保护廊桥的过程中,针对其木结构的特点采取了许多防火措施,但防洪措施相对匮乏。   ■未来   被毁廊桥大部分构建已找到   未来将进行重建   在三座廊桥被毁后,泰顺县相关部门迅速作出反应。昨天下午3点多,泰顺县文保部门联合民间组织,发出了收集被毁廊桥木构建的紧急通告,“发现廊桥相关木构建,能收多少就收多少。”   截至下午4点多,三座廊桥被冲走的大部分构件已被找到,算是不幸中的万幸。   “只要主体构件还在,就有希望重建廊桥,让历史延续。如果是新建,就没有多大意义了。”泰顺非遗中心主任季海波说。   “一定会用它们重建。”泰顺县文保部门相关负责人说。   ■影响   不会对申遗有太大影响   但仍需痛定思痛   三座国宝级廊桥的坍塌,昨天也引起了学术界的热议。北京大学城市与环境学院研究生导师阙维民得知这个消息后,连说了好几个“痛心。”   此前,包括泰顺在内的闽浙两省七县廊桥,已入选《中国世界文化遗产预备名单》。   “在申遗的关键时期,这样的打击,肯定为我们减分不少。”钟晓波说,“但这样的一次事故,同样也督促我们更好地去保护它们。”   钟晓波告诉记者,其实在泰顺廊桥申遗过程中,他们已经将古廊桥地面貌通过照片、视频的形式保存了下来,从而在一定程度上降低了此次事故带来的负面影响。   “痛定思痛,建立廊桥和村落和谐共处的环境,是我们将要面临的一个大问题。”钟晓波说。相关的主题文章: